Including the 29 countries, 29,925 adult participants in an international survey shows that high-income countries (the United States, Britain, Australia, Israel, etc.), people often underestimate the carcinogenic effects of alcohol, 42% of people think that drinking not increase the risk of cancer. In contrast, low-income countries (Kenya and Nigeria) and 15 percent in middle-income countries (China, Lebanon, Ukraine, Dominican Republic, Mexico, etc.) 26% of the people who hold similar views. In high-income countries, 59% thought that insufficient intake of fruits and vegetables are more dangerous than alcohol. In fact, research results showed that the protective effect of fruits and vegetables less than the role of alcohol harm.
Misunderstanding 2: Mental stress and the role of air pollution hazard has been exaggerated
In high-income countries, 57% of people think that mental stress than the carcinogenic effects of alcohol, and 78% of people think that air pollution is more carcinogenic than alcohol risk factors. In fact, no evidence to suggest that mental stress is a risk factor for cancer; air pollution and excessive drinking as compared to only a weak risk factors.
Three errors: Cancer = Terminally
In the middle and low-income countries, people are more pessimistic view of cancer. In low-income countries, 48% of people think that there is no treatment for cancer, cancer is equated with a death sentence. In middle-income countries, 39% of the people hold the same view. In contrast, high-income countries only 17% of people have this view. This misconception may affect people's participation in cancer screening initiative, which is not conducive to early detection of cancer and treatment.
Misunderstanding four: the treatment of cancer is a matter for the doctor
In low-income countries, 75% of people think that the treatment of cancer in the formulation of the program are all doctors the final say, only 8% of people agree that patients and doctors should make decisions together. Compared with economically developed countries, 72% of the patients and doctors agree that the mode of co-decision.
Sum up: the risk of behavioral factors has been underestimated
UICC President-designate, Hill believes that these results reflect the people's awareness of cancer in a number of errors remaining. People underestimate the behavioral factors (excessive alcohol, obesity) the risk of overstating the environmental factors (stress, air pollution, etc.) of carcinogenesis, which carry out cancer-related education in the future are very useful. Stakeholders should also act to strengthen the awareness of risk factors, lifestyle changes to promote awareness of the importance of reducing cancer risk. The study also reflects that many people underestimate their own cancer prevention and treatment initiative. Cancer screening, treatment of patients with the need for this kind of publicity will encourage more active participation of patients to cancer prevention and treatment projects, and thus to reduce cancer morbidity and mortality. Finally, the study reflects the economic situation in countries of different population differences in cancer awareness, which will help countries to design targeted for cancer prevention and control of its national education programs.
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